Solar farms (SFs) are the collection of mounted
Customization of the SPs can greatly affect the efficiency and productivity of the SFs. Materials used in solar panels are very important in its efficiency. It should match the range of sunlight available. Amorphous silicon, monocrystalline silicon, copper indium selenide/sulfide , polycrystalline silicon and cadmium telluride are the materials used in SPs. Monocrystalline silicon is the most dominant bulk material used in SPs. It is very expensive but considered as most efficient of all materials since it is made from crystallize ingots. It is the material ideal for high grade SPs. Solar panels should also be covered with protective glass to prevent from ruining the semiconductors inside. For durable connections, MC3 or MC4 can be utilized to facilitate weatherproof connections. It should be protected from physical harm and moisture in order to prevent collapses and wiring problems.
Electronics and aid devices embedded in solar panels are dominant these days. It gives assistance to the caretaker of SFs in terms of manual work. Inverters, tilting mechanism, power optimizers, and concentrators are usual aid devices and electronics available in market.
Orientation and properly mounting of solar panels is a vital part of solar farm engineering. This is intended to maximize the electrical generation. Angle of tilt and orientation affects the consumption of energy. The location of SF is carefully decided to avoid territorial harm caused to the panels.
Electrical work refers to the wiring and electrical connections of the solar farm. Bad wiring can decrease the output of the SF. Plus, bad wiring can be extremely dangerous since it may result into fires and unwanted explosions.
The processes involved in SF engineering cannot be handled by a mere person. The caretakers and the owner should be skilled enough to perform the duties in installing the devices especially the ones that involve electrical work. These engineering duties are still best to be handled by professionals.